In Absence of Evidence is a documentary film that tells the bold story of Elmi Muller, a South African female surgeon who performed the world’s first HIV-to-HIV kidney transplant in 2008.
At a time of HIV denialism in South Africa, where patients with end-stage renal disease and HIV had no option but to die, she pioneered an established procedure on a stigmatized population.
South Africa remains a country scarred by Apartheid, which is evident in the extreme socio-economic disparity and one of highest prevalence rates of HIV in the entire world.
Currently the chair of the surgical division at the University of Cape Town, Dr. Muller,
was the first surgeon in the world to create a lifesaving therapy that
has changed the history of transplantation forever.